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Titles

Peerage titles held by male-line descendants of sovereigns since King George I

Table of Contents:

Author's Note
Peerage Titles
Holders of Peerage Titles
Index of Children and Male-Line Descendants
Appendix ("Peerage titles conferred on female-line descendants and relatives of British sovereigns, 1831-1961")
Sources
 
 
Author's Note

This document contains a list of peerage titles conferred on the legitimate male-line descendants of British sovereigns since King George I. It also includes the peerage title conferred on the future King George II prior to his father's accession to the British Throne, but does not include the titles traditionally associated with the heirs apparent of the sovereign (Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, and such).

This document also includes, in the form of an Appendix, peerage titles that were conferred on the female-line descendants, illegitimate children, and relatives of British sovereigns between 1831 and 1961. (These titles were previously held by the male-line descendants of sovereigns, but which became extinct or merged in the Crown.)

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Peerage Titles (arranged alphabetically by title)

Albany, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1760 and 1784 creations)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1881 creation)
• conferred three times since 1714:
    - in 1760, as York and Albany, Dukedom of (extinct 1767)
    - in 1784, as York and Albany, Dukedom of (extinct 1827)
    - in 1881, as Albany, Dukedom of (suspended 1919)

Alderney, Barony of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Cumberland, Dukedom of (extinct 1765)
see also Appendix (Milford Haven entry)

Arklow, Barony of

in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1801 creation)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1881 creation)
• conferred twice since 1714:
    - in 1801, created with Sussex, Dukedom of (extinct 1843)
    - in 1881, created with Albany, Dukedom of (suspended 1919)

Armagh, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Ireland
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1799, created with Cumberland and Tiviotdale, Dukedom of (suspended 1919)

Athlone, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1890, created with Clarence and of Avondale, Dukedom of (extinct 1892)
see also Appendix (Athlone entry)

Avondale, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1890, as Clarence and of Avondale, Dukedom of (extinct 1892)

Berkhampstead, Marquessate of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Cumberland, Dukedom of (extinct 1765)
see also Appendix (Carisbrooke entry)

Cambridge, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1801, as Cambridge, Dukedom of (extinct 1904)

Cambridge, Dukedom and Marquessate of

• in the peerage of England
• conferred in 1706, as Cambridge, Dukedom and Marquessate of (merged in the Crown 1727)

Clarence, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1789 creation)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1890 creation)
• conferred twice since 1714:
    - in 1789, as Clarence and St. Andrews, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1830)
    - in 1890, as Clarence and of Avondale, Dukedom of (extinct 1892)

Clarence, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1881, created with Albany, Dukedom of (suspended 1919)

Connaught, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Ireland
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1764, created with Gloucester and Edinburgh, Dukedom of (extinct 1834)

Connaught and Strathearn, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1874, as Connaught and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1943)

Culloden, Barony of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred twice since 1714:
    - in 1801, created with Cambridge, Dukedom of (extinct 1904)
    - in 1928, created with Gloucester, Dukedom of (extant)

Cumberland, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred three times since 1714:
    - in 1726, as Cumberland, Dukedom of (extinct 1765)
    - in 1776, as Cumberland and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1790)
    - in 1799, as Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Teviotdale], Dukedom of (suspended 1919)

Downpatrick, Barony of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1934, created with Kent, Dukedom of (extant)

Dublin, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Ireland (for 1766 and 1799 creations)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1850 creation)
• conferred three times since 1714:
    - in 1766, created with Cumberland and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1790)
    - in 1799, created with Kent and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1820)
    - in 1850, as Dublin, Earldom of (merged in the Crown 1901)

Edinburgh, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1726 and 1764 creations)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1866 creation)
• conferred three times since 1714:
    - in 1726, as Edenburgh [Edinburgh], Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1760)
    - in 1764, as Gloucester and Edinburgh, Dukedom of (extinct 1834)
    - in 1866: as Edinburgh, Dukedom of (extinct 1900)
see also Appendix (Edinburgh entry)

Eltham, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Edenburgh [Edinburgh], Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1760)
see also Appendix (Cambridge entry)

Ely, Isle of, Marquessate of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Edenburgh [Edinburgh], Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1760)

Gloucester, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1764 creation)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1928 creation)
• conferred twice since 1714:
    - in 1764: as Gloucester and Edinburgh, Dukedom of (extinct 1834)
    - in 1928, as Gloucester, Dukedom of (extant)

Inverness, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred four times since 1714:
    - in 1801, created with Sussex, Dukedom of (extinct 1843)
    - in 1892, created with York, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1910)
    - in 1920, created with York, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1936)
    - in 1986, created with York, Dukedom of (extant)

Kennington, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Cumberland, Dukedom of (extinct 1765)

Kent, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1799 creation)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1934 creation)
• conferred twice since 1714:
    - in 1799, as Kent and of Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1820)
    - in 1934, as Kent, Dukedom of (extant)

Kent, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1866, created with Edinburgh, Dukedom of (extinct 1900)

Killarney, Barony of

• in the peerage of Ireland
• conferred twice since 1714:
    - in 1892, created with York, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1910)
    - in 1920, created with York, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1936)

Killyleagh, Barony of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1986, created with York, Dukedom of (extant)

Launceston, Viscountcy of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    -  in 1726, created with Edenburgh [Edinburgh], Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1760)
see also Appendix (Carisbrooke entry)

Milford Haven, Earldom of

• in the peerage of England
• conferred in 1706, created with Cambridge, Dukedom and Marquessate of (merged in the Crown 1727)
see also Appendix (Milford Haven entry)

Munster, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Ireland
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1789, created with Clarence and St. Andrews, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1830)
see also Appendix (Munster entry)

Northallerton, Viscountcy of

• in the peerage of England
• conferred in 1706, created with Cambridge, Dukedom and Marquessate of (merged in the Crown 1727)
see also Appendix (Cambridge entry)

St. Andrews, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1789, as Clarence and St. Andrews, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1830)

St. Andrews, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1934, created with Kent, Dukedom of (extant)

Severn, Viscountcy of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1999, created with Wessex, Earldom of (extant)

Snaudon [Snowdon], Barony of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Edenburgh [Edinburgh], Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1760)
see also Appendix (Snowdon entry)

Strathearn, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1766 and 1799 creations)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1874 creation)
• conferred three times since 1714:
    - in 1766, as Cumberland and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1790)
    - in 1799, as Kent and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1820)
    - in 1874, as Connaught and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1943)

Sussex, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1801, as Sussex, Dukedom of (extinct 1843)

Sussex, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1874, created with Connaught and Strathearn, Dukedom of (extinct 1943)

Tewkesbury, Barony of

• in the peerage of England
• conferred in 1706, created with Cambridge, Dukedom and Marquessate of (merged in the Crown 1727)
see also Appendix (Munster entry)

Tipperary, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1801, created with Cambridge, Dukedom of (extinct 1904)

Tiviotdale [Teviotdale], Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1799, as Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Teviotdale], Dukedom of (suspended 1919)

Trematon, Viscountcy of

• in the peerage of Great Britain
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1726, created with Cumberland, Dukedom of (extinct 1765)
see also Appendix (Athlone entry)

Ulster, Earldom of

• in the peerage of Ireland (for 1760 and 1784 creations)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1866 and 1928 creations)
• conferred four times since 1714:
    - in 1760, created with York and Albany, Dukedom of (extinct 1767)
    - in 1784, created with York and Albany, Dukedom of (extinct 1827)
    - in 1866, created with Edinburgh, Dukedom of (extinct 1900)
    - in 1928, created with Gloucester, Dukedom of (extant)

Wessex, Earldom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1999, as Wessex, Earldom of (extant)

Windsor, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of the United Kingdom
• conferred once since 1714:
    - in 1937, as Windsor, Dukedom of (extinct 1972)

York, Dukedom of

• in the peerage of Great Britain (for 1760 and 1784 creations)
in the peerage of the United Kingdom (for 1892, 1923 and 1986 creations)
• conferred five times since 1714:
    - in 1760, as York and Albany, Dukedom of (extinct 1767)
    - in 1784, as York and Albany, Dukedom of (extinct 1827)
    - in 1892, as York, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1910)
    - in 1923, as York, Dukedom of (merged in the Crown 1936)
    - in 1986, as York, Dukedom of (extant)

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Holders of Peerage Titles (arranged alphabetically by senior peerage title)

Albany

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 24 May 1881
• peerage title: BARON ARKLOW, EARL OF CLARENCE, and DUKE OF ALBANY
• conferred on:
    - HRH Leopold, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1853-1884), youngest son of Queen Victoria
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1884) HRH Charles Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1884-1954), only son and heir apparent of his predecessor
• notes:
    - the 2nd Duke of Albany's name "was removed from the roll of Peers of the United Kingdom by Order of the King in Council, 28 May 1919 [for bearing arms against Great Britain in WWI]"1
    - "In the [present] titular Duke of Albany [Hubertus Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (b. 1961)] is vested the right to petition under the Titles Deprivation Act, 1917, for the restoration of his peerages."2; to date, no "successful application by the lineal heir [has been] made for its restoration in accordance with the provisions of the [Titles Deprivation Act, 1917]."3

Cambridge

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 27 November 1801
• peerage title: BARON OF CULLODEN in North Britain, EARL OF TIPPERARY in Ireland, and DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE
• conferred on:
    - HRH Adolphus, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1774-1850), younger son of King George III
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1850) HRH George, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1819-1904), only son and heir apparent of his predecessor
• notes:
    - the 2nd Duke of Cambridge died without legitimate issue, "when the Dukedom and other English titles became extinct"4

Cambridge

• grade of peerage: dukedom and marquessate
• peerage of: England
• creation date: 9 November 1706
• peerage title: BARON OF TEWKESBURY, co. Gloucester, VISCOUNT NORTHALLERTON, co. York, EARL OF MILFORD HAVEN, and MARQUESS AND DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE
• conferred on:
    - George, Electoral Prince of Brunswick and Lüneburg (1683-1760), only son and heir apparent of George, Elector of Hanover (later King George I of Great Britain in 1714)
• notes:
    - the Duke and Marquess of Cambridge became Duke of Cornwall in August 1714 and was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in September 1714; he ascended the throne as King George II in 1727, "when all his honours merged in the Crown"5

Clarence and of Avondale

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 24 May 1890
• peerage title: EARL OF ATHLONE, and DUKE OF CLARENCE AND OF AVONDALE
• conferred on:
    - HRH Albert Victor, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1864-1892), first son and heir apparent of HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)
• notes:
    - the Duke of Clarence and of Avondale died unmarried, "when all his honours became extinct"6

Clarence and St. Andrews

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 20 May 1789
• peerage title: EARL OF MUNSTER (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF CLARENCE AND ST. ANDREWS
• conferred on:
    - HRH William, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, later King William IV (1765-1837), younger son of King George III
• notes:
    - the Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews ascended the throne as King William IV in 1830, "when all his honours merged in the Crown"7

Connaught and Strathearn

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 24 May 1874
• peerage title: EARL OF SUSSEX, and DUKE OF CONNAUGHT AND STRATHEARN
• conferred on:
    - HRH Arthur, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1850-1942), younger son of Queen Victoria
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1942) Alastair Windsor, styled by courtesy Earl of Macduff (1914-1943), only son of HRH Arthur, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland and grandson and heir apparent of his predecessor
• notes:
    - the 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn died unmarried, "when his titles became extinct"8

Cumberland

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 27 July 1726
• peerage title: BARON OF ALDERNEY, VISCOUNT TREMATON, co. Cornwall, EARL OF KENNINGTON, co. Surrey, MARQUESS OF BERKHAMPSTEAD, co. Hertford, and DUKE OF CUMBERLAND
• conferred on:
    - HRH William, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1721-1765), younger son of HRH George, Prince of Wales (later King George II)
• notes:
    - the Duke of Cumberland died unmarried, "when all his honours became extinct"9

Cumberland and Strathearn

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 22 October 1766
• peerage title: EARL OF DUBLIN (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF CUMBERLAND AND STRATHEARN
• conferred on:
    - HRH Henry, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1745-1790), younger son of HRH Frederick, Prince of Wales and grandson of King George II
• notes:
    - the Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn died without legitimate issue, "when all his honours became extinct"10

Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Teviotdale]

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 24 April 1799
• peerage title: EARL OF ARMAGH (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF CUMBERLAND AND TIVIOTDALE
• conferred on:
    - HRH Ernest Augustus, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, later King of Hanover in 1837 (1771-1851), son of King George III
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1851) HRH George, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, later King of Hanover in 1851 (1819-1878), only son and heir apparent of his predecessor
    - (in 1878) HRH Ernest Augustus, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Crown Prince of Hanover, later Duke of Brunswick in 1884 (but never allowed to reign) (1845-1923), only son and heir apparent of his predecessor
• notes:
    - the 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Tiviotdale's name "was removed from the roll of Peers of Great Britain and of Ireland by Order of the King in Council, 28 Mar. 1919 [for bearing arms against Great Britain]"11
    - "In the [present] titular Duke of Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Ernst August Prinz von Hannover (b. 1954)] is vested the right to petition under the Titles Deprivation Act, 1917, for the restoration of his peerages"12; to date, no "successful application by the lineal heir [has been] made for its restoration in accordance with the provisions of the [Titles Deprivation Act, 1917]"13

Dublin

• grade of peerage: earldom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 17 January 1850
• peerage title: EARL OF DUBLIN
• conferred on:
    - HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Prince of Wales (1841-1901), first son and heir apparent of Queen Victoria
• notes:
    - he ascended the throne as King Edward VII in 1901, "whereby all his honours merged in the Crown"14

Edinburgh

first creation:

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 26 July 1726
• peerage title: BARON OF SNAUDON [Snowdon], co. Carnarvon, VISCOUNT OF LAUNCESTON, co. Cornwall, EARL OF ELTHAM, co. Kent, MARQUESS OF THE ISLE OF ELY, and DUKE OF EDENBURGH [so spelled]
• conferred on:
    - HRH Frederick, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, later Duke of Cornwall in 1727 and Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1729 (1707-1751), first son and heir apparent of HRH George, Prince of Wales (later King George II)  
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1751) HRH George, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1738-1820), first son and heir apparent of his predecessor
• notes:
    - the 2nd Duke of Edenburgh was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 20 April 1751; he ascended the throne as King George III in 1760, "when all his honours merged in the Crown"15

second creation:

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 24 May 1866
• peerage title: EARL OF ULSTER, EARL OF KENT, and DUKE OF EDINBURGH
• conferred on:
    - HRH Alfred, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, later Reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1893 (1844-1900), younger son of Queen Victoria
• notes:
    - the Duke of Edinburgh died without surviving male issue, "when his peerage titles became extinct"16

Gloucester

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 31 March 1928
• peerage title: BARON CULLODEN, EARL OF ULSTER, and DUKE OF GLOUCESTER
• conferred on:
    - HRH Henry, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1900-1974), younger son of HRH George, Duke of York (later King George V)
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1974) HRH Richard, Prince of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1944- ), second but only surviving son and heir apparent of his predecessor

Gloucester and Edinburgh

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 19 November 1764
• peerage title: EARL OF CONNAUGHT (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF GLOUCESTER AND EDINBURGH
• conferred on:
    - HRH William, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1743-1805), younger son of HRH Frederick, Prince of Wales and grandson of King George II
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1805) HRH William, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1776-1834), only son and heir apparent of his predecessor
• notes:
    - the 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh died without issue, "when all his honours became extinct"17

Kent

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 12 October 1934
• peerage title: BARON DOWNPATRICK, EARL OF ST. ANDREWS, and DUKE OF KENT
• conferred on:
    - HRH George, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1902-1942), younger son of HRH George, Prince of Wales (later King George V) and grandson of King Edward VII
• succeeded by:
    - (in 1942) HRH Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1935- ), first son and heir apparent of his predecessor

Kent and of Strathearn

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 24 April 1799
• peerage title: EARL OF DUBLIN (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF KENT AND OF STRATHEARN
• conferred on:
    - HRH Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1767-1820), younger son of King George III
• notes:
    - the Duke of Kent and of Strathearn died without male issue, "when all his honours became extinct"18

Sussex

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 27 November 1801
• peerage title: BARON OF ARKLOW IN IRELAND (in the peerage of Great Britain), EARL OF INVERNESS in North Britain, and DUKE OF SUSSEX
• conferred on:
    - HRH Augustus, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1773-1843), younger son of King George III
• notes:
    - the Duke of Sussex died without legitimate issue, "when all his honours became extinct"19

Wessex

• grade of peerage: Earldom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 19 June 1999
• peerage title: VISCOUNT SEVERN, and EARL OF WESSEX
• conferred on:
    - HRH Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1964- ), youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II

Windsor

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 8 March 1937
• peerage title: DUKE OF WINDSOR
• conferred on:
    - HRH Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1894-1972), eldest son of King George V
• notes:
    - the Duke of Windsor died without issue, when all his honours became extinct

York

first creation:

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 24 May 1892
• peerage title: BARON KILLARNEY, EARL OF INVERNESS, and DUKE OF YORK
• conferred on:
    - HRH George, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1865-1936), second but eldest surviving son of HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)  
• notes:
    - the Duke of York became Duke of Cornwall on 22 January 1901, and was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 9 November 1901; he ascended the throne as King George V in 1910, "whereby all his honours merged in the Crown"20

second creation:

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 3 June 1920
• peerage title: BARON KILLARNEY, EARL OF INVERNESS, and DUKE OF YORK
• conferred on:
    - HRH Albert, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1895-1952), younger son of King George V  
• notes:
    - the Duke of York ascended the throne as King George VI in 1936, "whereby all his honours merged in the Crown"21

third creation:

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: United Kingdom
• creation date: 23 July 1986
• peerage title: BARON KILLYLEAGH, EARL OF INVERNESS, and DUKE OF YORK
• conferred on:
    - HRH Andrew, Prince of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1960- ), younger son of Queen Elizabeth II

York and Albany

first creation:
• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 1 April 1760
• peerage title: EARL OF ULSTER (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF YORK AND ALBANY
• conferred on:
    - HRH Edward, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1739-1767), younger son of HRH Frederick, Prince of Wales and grandson of King George II
• notes:
    - the Duke of York and Albany died unmarried, "when all his honours became extinct"22

second creation:

• grade of peerage: dukedom
• peerage of: Great Britain
• creation date: 27 November 1784
• peerage title: EARL OF ULSTER (in the peerage of Ireland), and DUKE OF YORK AND ALBANY
• conferred on:
    - HRH Frederick, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (1763-1827), younger son of King George III
• notes:
    - the Duke of York and Albany died without issue, "when all his honours became extinct"23

Footnotes:

1. Complete Peerage, Vol XIV, p. 16 & p. 17 note (ax).
2. Complete Peerage, Vol. XIV, p. 17.
3. Burke's Peerage, p. cli.
4. Complete Peerage, Vol. II, p. 499.
5. Complete Peerage, Vol. II, p. 497.
6. Complete Peerage, Vol. III, p. 263.
7. Complete Peerage, Vol. III, p. 262.
8. Complete Peerage, Vol. XIV, p. 203.
9. Complete Peerage, Vol. III, p. 573.
10. Complete Peerage, Vol. III, p. 574.
11. Complete Peerage, Vol. XIV, p. 227 & p. 227 note (ax).
12. Complete Peerage, Vol. XIV, p. 228.
13. Burke's Peerage, p. cli.
14. Complete Peerage, Vol. III, p. 452.
15. Complete Peerage, Vol. V, p. 7.
16. Complete Peerage, Vol. V, p. 8.
17. Complete Peerage, Vol. V, p. 746.
18. Complete Peerage, Vol. VII, p. 184.
19. Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1, p. 536.
20. Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/2, p. 926.
21. Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/2, p. 926 note (b).
22. Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/2, p. 920.
23. Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/2, p. 923.

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Index of Children and Male-Line Descendants Mentioned in this Document (arranged alphabetically by first name)

Adolphus, Cambridge, 1st Duke of (1774-1850)
Alastair, Connaught and Strathearn, 2nd Duke of (1914-1943)
Albert, York, Duke of (later King George VI) (1895-1952)
Albert Edward, Dublin, Earl of (later King Edward VII) (1841-1904)
Albert Victor, Clarence and of Avondale, Duke of (1864-1892)
Alfred, Edinburgh, Duke of (1844-1900)
Andrew, York, Duke of (1960- )
Arthur, Connaught and Strathearn, 1st Duke of  (1850-1942)
Augustus, Sussex, Duke of  (1773-1843)
Charles Edward, Albany, 2nd Duke of  (1884-1954)
Edward, Kent, 2nd Duke of  (1935- )
Edward, Kent and Strathearn, Duke of (1767-1820)
Edward, Wessex, Earl of (1964- )
Edward, Windsor, Duke of (1894-1972)
Edward, York and Albany, Duke of (1739-1767)
Edward VII, King (1841-1904) - see Albert Edward, Earl of Dublin
Ernest Augustus, Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Teviotdale], 1st Duke of (1771-1851)
Ernest Augustus, Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Teviotdale], 3rd Duke of (1845-1923)
Frederick, Edenburgh [Edinburgh], 1st Duke of (1707-1751)
Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-1751) - see Frederick, 1st Duke of Edenburgh [Edinburgh]
Frederick, York and Albany, Duke of (1763-1827)
George, Cambridge, 2nd Duke of (1819-1904)
George, Cambridge, Marquess and Duke of (1683-1760)
George, Cumberland and Tiviotdale [Teviotdale], 2nd Duke of (1819-1878)
George, Edenburgh [Edinburgh], 2nd Duke of (later King George III) (1738-1820)
George, Kent, 1st Duke of (1902-1942)
George, York, Duke of (later King George V) (1865-1936)
George III, King (1738-1820) - see George, 2nd Duke of Edenburgh [Edinburgh]
George V, King (1865-1936) - see George, York, Duke of
George VI, King (1895-1952) - see Albert, York, Duke of
Henry, Cumberland and Strathearn, Duke of (1745-1790)
Henry, Gloucester, 1st Duke of (1900-1974)
Leopold, Albany, 1st Duke of (1884-1954)
Richard, Gloucester, 2nd Duke of (1944- )
William, Clarence and St. Andrews, Duke of (later King William IV) (1765-1837)
William, Cumberland, Duke of (1721-1765)
William, Gloucester and Edinburgh, 1st Duke of (1743-1805)
William, Gloucester and Edinburgh, 2nd Duke of (1776-1834)
William IV, King (1765-1837) - see William, Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews

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Appendix

"Peerage titles conferred on female-line descendants and relatives of British sovereigns, 1831-1961" (arranged alphabetically by senior peerage title)

Athlone, Earldom of

• created for: Brigadier-General Sir Alexander Cambridge, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., G.M.G., D.S.O., formerly H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Teck (1874-1957), great-grandson (in the female-line) of King George III
• creation date: 16 July 1917
• peerage title: VISCOUNT TREMATON, in the co. of Cambridge, and EARL OF ATHLONE
• status: extinct 1957 (the 1st Earl of Athlone died without surviving male issue)

Cambridge, Marquessate of

• created for: Colonel Sir Adolphus Cambridge, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., C.M.G., formerly H.S.H. the Duke of Teck (1868-1927), great-grandson (in the female-line) of King George III
• creation date: 16 July 1917
• peerage title: VISCOUNT NORTHALLERTON, in the co. of York, EARL OF ELTHAM, and MARQUESS OF CAMBRIDGE
• status: extinct 1981 (the 2nd Marquess of Cambridge died without male issue)

Carisbrooke, Marquessate of

• created for: Captain Sir Alexander Mountbatten, G.C.V.O., formerly H.S.H. Prince Alexander of Battenberg (1886-1960), grandson (in the female-line) of Queen Victoria
• creation date: 18 July 1917
• peerage title: VISCOUNT LAUNCESTON, in the co. of Cornwall, EARL OF BERKHAMSTEAD, and MARQUESS OF CARISBROOKE
• status: extinct 1960 (the 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke died without male issue)

Edinburgh, Dukedom of

• created for: Lieutenant HRH Sir Philip Mountbatten, K.G., R.N. (1921- ), husband of HRH Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II)
• creation date: 20 November 1947
• peerage title: BARON GREENWICH, of Greenwich, co. London, EARL OF MERIONETH, and DUKE OF EDINBURGH
• status: extant

Milford Haven, Marquessate of

• created for: Admiral the Right Honourable Sir Louis Mountbatten, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., K.C.M.G., formerly H.S.H. Prince Louis of Battenberg (1854-1921), husband of H.G.D.H. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, granddaughter (in the female-line) of Queen Victoria
• creation date: 17 July 1917
• peerage title: VISCOUNT ALDERNEY, in the co. of Southampton, EARL OF MEDINA, and MARQUESS OF MILFORD HAVEN
• status: extant

Munster, Earldom of

• created for: George Fitz-Clarence (1794-1842), eldest son of the illegitimate children of King William IV  
• creation date: 4 June 1831
• peerage title: BARON TEWKESBURY, co. Gloucester, VISCOUNT FITZ-CLARENCE, and EARL OF MUNSTER
• status: extinct 2000 (the 7th Earl of Munster died without male issue)

Snowdon, Earldom of

• created for: Antony Armstrong-Jones (1930- ), married firstly (later divorced) H.R.H. Princess Margaret, daughter of King George VI
• creation date: 6 October 1961
• peerage title: VISCOUNT LINLEY, of Nymans, co. Sussex, and EARL OF SNOWDON
• status: extant

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Sources

Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (1953 and 1999 editions)
The Complete Peerage, by G.E.C., Volumes I - XIII (2000)
The Complete Peerage, by Peter W. Hammond, ed., Volume XIV (1998)
Debrett's Correct Form
(1989)

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This website was last updated on 29 January 2006. 1998-2006 Yvonne Demoskoff